mardi 20 septembre 2022

The funeral processions of English King, Queens and Prime Ministers - English Version


The funeral processions of English King, Queens
and Prime Ministers


    - English Version -

Translated with (free version)

(Sorry if there are errors in the meaning, word or verb of the expressions).

Up date: 20/09/2022
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Following the death of Queen Elizabeth II of England, on September 8, 2022, let's take a look at the Funeral Processions of the English dignitaries.

On September 11, 2022, the hearse of Queen Elizabeth II, leaving the property of the Castle of BALMORAL, left to cross 300 kilometers, during 6 hours, through Scotland by way of ABERDEEN, DUNDEE and PERTH to arrive at EDIMBOURG..


The coffin was draped with the royal emblems standard, with a crown of flowers on top.


The Balmoral procession is the first in a series of events over 10 days, leading up to the state funeral at Westminster Abbey in London on September 19.


The hearse is followed by members of the Royal Family, including the Queen's daughter, Princess Anne, who during the 10 days has followed each funeral procession.


Here the funeral procession passing through the town of BALLATER in Scotland


The Queen's coffin reached London on board a Royal Air Force plane, late in the day on September 13, 2022.


Video of the departure of the plane to Buckingham Palace.


Members of the Royal Family followed the hearse in Range Rovers.


The Royal coffin was placed in a hearse chosen by the Queen during her lifetime. Indeed, the English Kings and Queens prepare their funeral and the protocols that will follow the funeral ceremonies ... This one is a model based on a JAGUAR XF designed by the preparer "WILCOX Limousines".


The hood ornament is a sculpture of St George slaying a dragon, the same as the one on the Queen of England's 2002 Bentley Limousine.


Hood ornament of the 2002 Bentley Limousine of Queen Elizabeth II

It's called "The Queen's Car Mascot".



 Les limousines royales de la famille royale anglaise

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During the transfer from London Airport to the Royal Palace, the interior of the Royal hearse was lit so that the crowd could see the Queen's coffin draped with the royal emblems. It was the Queen herself who wanted the interior lit.


The body of the late Queen was taken to her London home of Buckingham Palace.

A large crowd was present to see the body of Queen Elizabeth II pass...


The next day, a royal procession carrying the coffin of Elizabeth II, mounted on a gun carriage left Buckingham Palace.


The casket was taken to Westminster Hall where it was on public view until the funeral on September 19, 2022.


The gun carriage was pulled by 6 horses and escorted by his royal guards.


Video of this procession 


Many English subjects queued up for miles to be able to pay their respects to the Queen's catafalque (funeral platform), placed in "Westminster Hall".


The coffin was draped in purple in the center of the nave of Westminster Hall.


Arrival of the Queen's coffin at Westminster Abbey on 19/09/2022

Her coffin was then moved on Monday, September 19, 2022, the day of her state funeral, from Westminster Hall to Westminster Abbey in the morning, once again placed on a gun carriage fired by 142 sailors of the Royal Navy. This was followed by King Charles III and the Royal Family.


Video of the departure of the Procession to Buckingham Palace


Departure of the Queen's Casket from Westminster Abbey to BUCKINGHAM Palace on 19/09/2022

After the religious ceremony, the coffin returned to Buckingham Palace.


It was accompanied by 6,000 soldiers and 200 musicians. The choice of this escort of 142 sailors, 112 in the front and 30 in the back was decided following a runaway of the horses that pulled the hearse of Queen Victoria.


Here is a photo of one of the events of the national funeral of Queen Victoria at the end of January 1901. When Queen Victoria died, her coffin traveled from the Isle of Wight to Windsor. Upon arrival in London, it was loaded onto a Royal Navy gun carriage. The carriage was pulled by horses and slowly made its way through the streets of London. The procession came close to disaster as the carriage climbed a hill. An eyelet hole on the harness of one of the horses snapped, breaking the attachment to the hearse.


Royal Navy sailors escorting Queen Victoria's coffin in January 1901

In a panic, the horses bucked wildly and Queen Victoria's coffin was nearly thrown from the back of the coach, sending it tumbling down the hill. The crew of "HMS Excellent" were ordered to hoist the coffin onto the gun carriage with ropes and pull it the rest of the way.


To avoid another mistake that could lead to disaster in front of the public, it became a tradition for Royal Navy sailors to pull and hold the gun carriage by hand. Here at the National Funeral of King George VI in February 1952.

Behind King Charles II and his sons, two Roll's Royces carried Princess Charlotte and Prince George, the Queen's grandchildren, and their mother Princess Kate, wife of Prince William, and Queen Consort Camilla, wife of the King.


At the end of the state funeral, the casket was placed in the hearse chosen by Queen Elizabeth II.


The hearse began the last journey of Queen Elizabeth II to Windsor Castle.


The route was indicated to the population so that the crowd could see the Queen.


Indeed, the convoy did not take the highways and freeways. This allowed some spectators to throw flowers at the Royal Corrigan.


Here a photo taken at the arrival in front of the " LONG WALK " which leads to Windsor Castle with the escort of the royal guards.


This alley is 4 kilometers long and a large crowd was present to pay a last tribute to their Queen.


And here is the arrival in front of the main entrance of Windsor Castle. Queen Elizabeth II will rest in St. George's Chapel next to her mother, father and sister.


At the time of the death of the Queen Mother of Elizabeth II, in April 2002, the convoy and funeral procession were the same.


To move the body of the Queen Mother to Windsor Castle, a hearse based on a Jaguar XS was used.


Here it is passing in front of Buckingham Palace in London.


The only difference with the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II, on April 9, 2002, the coffin of Queen Mother Elizabeth went up the Mall from Westminster Abbey in London without a military escort, to St. George's Chapel in Windsor, where she rests alongside her husband, King George VI.


On the same day, a huge crowd watched the Queen Mother's hearse and funeral carriages slowly make their way through the village on their way from London to Windsor.


Here the royal funeral procession passing through the village of Datchet.


In 1952, King George VI died on February 6, 1952 and his state funeral took place on February 15, 1952. In this photo, the funeral procession is seen near Hyde Park, London, approaching Marble Arch on its way to Paddington Station to take the body to Windsor where it was buried. The carriage that followed carried Queen Elizabeth II, Queen Mother Elizabeth, Princess Margaret and the King's sister, Princess Mary.


On January 22, 1901, Queen Victoria died. Again a series of events were punctuated over several days, leading to her state funeral on February 2, 1901.


Some prime ministers are entitled to national ceremonies as here with the funeral procession on horseback for the burial of former British Prime Minister Margaret TATCHER on April 17, 2013 in London


The solemn funeral procession passed through several major streets in London.


Here Baroness Thatcher's coffin, draped in the Union Flag, arriving at St Paul's Cathedral for the church service.


Sir Winston CHURCHILL, former Prime Minister during the Second World War, also had a state funeral when he died at the age of 90 on January 24, 1965.


Unlike the former Prime Minister, Sir Winston CHURCHILL was entitled to a military funeral procession on the day of his burial, like those of the English Kings and Queens.


Only the English flag, the Union Jack, placed on the coffin of the former Prime Minister made the difference compared to the royal funeral convoys, where it is the English royal coat of arms that are placed on the royal coffin. His funeral took place on January 30, 1965.


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