mardi 12 juillet 2022

Bereitschaftspolizei - English Version

- Bereitschaftspolizei -
- The German riot police -

     - English Version -
Translated with (free version)

(Sorry if there are errors in the meaning, word or verb of the expressions).

Updatet: 10/11/2022
- Version Française -
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The Bereitschaftspolizei (Bepo or BP) for riot police, is the German police unit in charge of maintaining order in Germany.

Uniforms and equipment are managed from the point of view of the federal government. The number of personnel depends on the Landers where they are located, but can be found in other Landers depending on the size of the event. There are about 16,000 police officers available.

Bereitschaftspolizei in horse- 1950
In 1926 the term Bereitschaftspolizei was officially introduced.

Bereitschaftspolizei during a parade- 1957
In 1950, a management agreement was signed between the federal government and the Landers. It was 30,000 men divided between the riot police, another federal and a third for the border...

Bereitschaftspolizei in training - 1982
The men were conscripts and performed their 3-year period of military service. The missions revolved around the maintenance of order following civil unrest, but also facing sabotage and terrorist actions...

Bereitschaftspolizei during a demonstration - 1980
In 1972, the number of police officers dropped to over 17,000. However, the training of these policemen was based on military concepts.

Bereitschaftspolizei during a demonstration against nuclear power - 1980
At the end of the 1970s, weapons such as machine guns and hand grenades were withdrawn because the Bereitschaftspolizei were more focused on maintaining order than on anti-terrorist actions, which were left to GSG9.
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You can see on this video, below, from the 80s that the Bereitschaftspolizei used shields and large truncheons...

Also in the 90s...

Nowadays, they don't have shields anymore. The tonfas have replaced the long truncheons...

and are equipped with reinforced suits.

The tactics used by the German police to control the demonstrations can be found under this link:

  - English Version -
>>> Click Here <<<

Germany participated in the GODIAC project in the analysis and research of new methods of policing and dialogues with protesters.

  - English Version -
However, the increasingly violent acts of aggression pose a real reflection as you can discover on the link below: 

   - English Version -

There are many women in the German riot control units.

Each German Lander currently manages its units according to the current situation.

The Bereitschaftspolizei were regularly mobilized in the protection of nuclear transports because environmental activists are very numerous in Germany.

Railroad convoys with "CASTOR" type protections require an important protection all along the route in Germany...

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Sometimes the areas are highly protected, so the police intervene on the outskirts of the convoys to disperse the demonstrators.

Like here on this video

and here.

The German experience in policing is important because of the demonstrations against nuclear power which required a lot of means and tactics to counter these demonstrators who sometimes chained themselves to the rails to avoid the passage of these nuclear convoys...

Similarly, actions by far-left activists during demonstrations against the extreme right have often ended in a pitched war in the streets.

The Bereitschaftspolizei are supported by riot trucks.

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and which allow with their powerful jets to disperse the crowds
 or to push them back

Here are several videos showing their uses

as well as vehicles to break down barricades.

Like here in this video above.

These can also be used to evacuate occupied premises...

as can be seen on this one


  - English Version -
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Germany chose a different method than France to contain the demonstrators. (Link in french Method )
The doctrine of policing is that of "de-escalation" (Deeskalation in German). It aims at minimizing collateral, unnecessary or dangerous violence, and permanent dialogue with the crowd.

It was in the mid-70s and 80s that movements called "Blackblocs" began to emerge with techniques of violence against the established order.

Dressed in black and grouped in a compact block, they harass the police in case of a riot.

  Checkpoint devices are set up either at the entrance to the rally, or at train stations, bus stations, portions of highways or airports, with bag searches for access to a demonstration.

Like here in these videos below:

During demonstrations and when the crowd is perceived as dangerous, the Bereitschaftspolizei are deployed in large numbers to escort the demonstrators.

The goal is to show a large force ready to intervene in case of outbursts and by channeling the demonstrators....

The route is marked and the Bereitschaftspolizei have set up riot barriers. At the intersections, numerous forces with pump trucks, also called water cannons or armored water cannons, are behind ready to intervene

Like here on these 2 videos:

or members block the street

as on this video above.

or with dog handlers to repel the demonstrators as you can see on this video

In the Bereitschaftspolizei units, men film the demonstrators
along the route.

In case of clashes, the Bereitschaftspolizei used water cannons,

and prevent the demonstrators from passing. Then charges also called offensive leap allow to make the demonstrators move back.

As on these videos below

The German method is mainly to frame with preventive measures of intimidation by controlling the demonstrators and by the important deployment of human means and armored water cannons.

However, faced with a very large number of demonstrators, it is difficult to stand up to them, hence the use of tear gas as a last resort...

As you can see on this video.

The use of horses is also used in an exceptional way.

During the G8 in Rostock in June 2007, the mass of demonstrators showed the difficulty of managing these unpredictable large movements...

The riots lasted several days

Link to videos of these events:

  The evacuation of demonstrators refusing to move is done by several members of the Bereitschaftspolizei to evacuate them to vehicles behind.

here on this video

Demonstration during the G20 in Hamburg from 06-07-08 July 2017
We could see during the G20 held in Hamburg, 06-07 and 08 July 2017, the rise of violence that increases year after year.

Demonstration during the G20 in Hamburg from 06-07-08 July 2017
Despite the presence of 20,000 German police officers from all over Germany, more than 200 of these officers were injured during clashes with violent protesters on the evening of the second day of the G20.

    - English Version -
 Who was behind the violence
that took place during the G20
on July 06 - 07 and 08, 2017?

>>> Click here  <<<

Demonstration during the G20 in Hamburg from 06-07-08 July 2017
Paving stones were knocked off the road to be thrown at the police. Barricades were also erected in various streets around the meeting place of the G20 officials.

Demonstration during the G20 in Hamburg from 06-07-08 July 2017
Banners reading "Welcome to Hell" or "Pulverize the G20" show a desire for violence during this type of official meeting.

Demonstration during the G20 in Hamburg from 06-07-08 July 2017
To indicate the tension during one of these demonstrations, a policeman drew his service weapon and fired in the air and then took refuge in a store, information indicated by the Hamburg Police...

Bereitschaftspolizei in G20 in Hamburg - 2017
For weeks, supporters of the anarchist and autonomous movement had been promising "hell" in Hamburg. The German media estimated that the neighborhoods within a ten-minute walk of the congress center, where the G20 leaders were meeting, had been transformed into a zone of "urban chaos" and "battlefields".

Here are videos of what happened on the sidelines of the G20 in Hamburg
July 2017:

The Bereitschaftspolizei are also deployed at sports events

and intervene according to the overflows.

The movement of the Bereitschaftspolizei is always impressive and helicopters remain in hover to monitor and direct the troops on the ground...

As you can also see on this video

And all the resources are there in support.

Here are more videos of their interventions:

Discover also on this blog:

- Images from episode 2 of Season 2 of "GSG9 1/87" -

   - English Version -



 >>> click here <<<

- Images from episode 8 of Season 3 -


You can also find
the German intervention units in English Version:

    - English Version -
>>> Click Here <<<

    - English Version -
>>> Click Here <<<
    - English Version -
>>> Click Here <<< 
    - English Version -


- Discover all topics translated into English -
- in "GSG9 1/87" Blog -
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 Discover the others adventures
in "English Version":
Discover the Web Series "GSG9 1/87 Special Unit"
- Link to the episodes translated into English  -
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Discover the episodes 
of "SOS 1/87" The Daily Rescuers 
Discover the "Short Stories" of MEDEVAC 1/87
- Collection "Short Stories in 1/87"
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and the Seasons of "MEDEVAC 1/87"



- Discover the Episodes of "C3C Story" -

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The Adventures of Jimini HOLMES
and Ciindy WATSON



OF "GSG9 1/87":

Des dioramas sous différentes échelles:

et au 1/87


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et la web série au 1/87

" GSG9 - Unité spéciale "

Jeux d'action-aventures sur ordinateur

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