After the Paris attacks in January 2015, Belgium deployed its soldiers in the cities of Belgium in the operation "Vigilant Guardian".
Patrolling a covered street in Brussels
Since the launch in January 2015, this has lasted until August 2021. If there is a risk of an attack now, the Belgian Army will be deployed with a methodology close to the UK's system, as we will see later in this article.
Brussels - Late November 2015
At these beginnings, this operation was considerably accentuated during the attacks in France on November 13, 2015 following the placing of a state of absolute emergency on the Brussels Agglomeration which experienced a total "Black Out" for 3 days at the end of November 2015.
The March 22, 2016 attacks in Brussels, at its airport and in its metro, also mobilized these forces.
Figures of European jihadists who left to join DAESH in 2015
Indeed, the risk of Belgian returnees (British men and women who left to fight alongside DAESH or ISIS, in Syria and Iraq, about 470 Belgians in 2015, and who would have returned to Belgian soil) is strong. The risk that they continue the ideological fight in their place of birth is very likely. FRENCH VERSION
Indian soldier in front of the "Taj Mahal" hotel in Bombay where the terrorists had entrenched themselves in 2008
Similarly, the risk of a terrorist attack like in Bombay in 2008, which lasted two days, requires that a country be prepared for multiple attacks in a city.
Two Belgian soldiers in the Brussels train station
The fact that the Belgian army was mobilized in Belgium had never happened before.
Deployment of Belgian military Indeed, the Belgian army has always been deployed outside the territory, in aid or training missions, but never to protect its own territory, except during the Second World War.
Searching pedestrians to support the Belgian police
The collaboration with the Police force was very present. The aim is to secure all sensitive places in Belgium,
Two soldiers in front of a Belgian nuclear power plant
going from Nuclear power plant,
in the tourist zones,
Patrol in the corridors of a metro
to public transport,
Surveillance at the entrance of the Brussels Central Station
at urban exchanges such as train stations,
Surveillance in a Belgian airport
as well as airports,
Surveillance at the entrance of a Belgian official building
Guard post in front of the European Parliament in Brussels
and European institutions.
Videos of these Belgian soldiers during the operations "VIGILANT GUARDIAN:
The Belgian authorities offer a free digital alert application to warn its population about all kinds of terrorist, health, natural and technological risks.
Exercise in a Brussels theater of the CET in July 2017.
To complement these intervention units, the Belgian authorities have designed a casualty evacuation unit, to support the assault columns of the Belgian police forces during terrorist attacks, by evacuating them, through extraction corridors, to emergency physicians
French military personnel patrolling the Gare du Nord in Paris on 08/24/2015.
Other countries have raised their security levels in conjunction with the military. The first was France with the "VIGIPIRATE" plan, which was supplemented by the "SENTINELLE" operation, mobilizing between 7,000 and 10,000 French military personnel depending on the alert level :
New York National Guard soldiers at Grand Central Station in NY, March 22, 2016.
Faced with alert levels or attacks, such as the attacks in the Brussels subway and airport in March 2016, countries like the USA also react by deploying, as in the photo above, the New York National Guard (US Army Reservists) in sensitive locations, such as here, in New York's "Grand Central" station
A police officer and a military man patrolling in front of Westminster and Big Ben in London on 24/05/2017
The United Kingdom has an operation called "TEMPERER" which mobilizes more than 4,000 British military personnel when the "Critical" level, the highest level of alert, is reached. They come to support the police forces for a limited period of time just after the attacks, to counter the risk of multiple attacks on the British territory.
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