dimanche 14 août 2022

GIGN Overseas Detachment - English Version

GIGN Overseas Detachment
Detachment of the GIGN in Overseas
of the French National Gendarmerie

 - English Version -

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

(Sorry if there are errors in the meaning, word or verb of the expressions).

Updatet: 18/08/2022
- Version Française -
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Official handover of the Command of the GIGN on 02/10/2020 to General Ghislain Réty
On October 5, 2020, a reorganization of the GIGN was carried out, creating an intervention unit that is unique in Europe in terms of its numbers and missions.

Indeed, the GIGN is now divided, since spring 2021, between a Central GIGN and 14 GIGN Detachments in metropolitan France and overseas. The detachments were previously called AGIGN.

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The GPI, meaning "Groupe de Pelotons d'Intervention", were renamed Overseas GIGN Antennas (AGIGN Outre Mer) in 2016, then GIGN Detachments in 2020.
These intervention groups of the French National Gendarmerie, are established in the French overseas departments (DOM) and overseas communities (COM). They were also known as GPIOM (Groupe de Pelotons d'Intervention Outre Mer)

This new name came into effect in October 2020. There are 7 AGIGN overseas in the DOM and COM: French Polynesia, Guadeloupe, Mayotte, Martinique, Reunion Island, French Guiana and New Caledonia.

These ultramarine units are composed of about thirty to fifty members per DGIGN.  The DGIGN of GUYANE is one of the most exposed to the risk of shooting in their missions against illegal gold panning (the search for gold) and South American crime.

You can find more pictures of the DGIGN of Reunion Island
during the ARES 2016 exercise

Their roles are the same as those of the DGIGN in Metropolitan France, i.e. the arrest of dangerous people, intervention in hostage situations, the fight against the risk of multiple attacks by terrorists or armed persons, and support to local brigades.

Indeed, the terrorist risk is real on the whole French territory, including the ultra marine:

For years, this one has taken on different faces:

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You can find more details on the DGIGN in France under the link below:

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They are also supported by the GIPN, "Groupe d'Intervention de la Police Nationale" based in the DOM and COM. Link below:


  Some figures of the French overseas territories:
the average rate of crimes and offenses is 45 per 1,000 inhabitants. In Guadeloupe and French Guiana, it is 60, with some municipalities at 80-85.
The gendarmes in the French overseas territories are three times more exposed to physical attacks, which have increased by 64.8% over the last 5 years.
52.7% of assaults are committed with weapons by nature or destination (up 159%).
French Guiana, New Caledonia and Mayotte have the highest rate of physical assaults on gendarmes in overseas France (up to 6 times higher than in mainland France).
In 2016, 288 gendarmes were injured as a result of a physical assault, including 110 with a weapon (25 with a firearm, 26 with a knife and 59 with a vehicle).
Sources: GEND Info of May 2017

The creation of these units in the DOM-COM is also due to the risk of terrorist attacks on these territories: According to the UCLAT (Unité de Coordinatoion de la Lutte AntiTerrorisme) between 100 and 200 reports of radicalization were noted on Reunion Island in 2015.

Other sources mention the departure of 80 people from Reunion Island, about 40 from Mayotte and 8 from Guadeloupe and Martinique

Here are the crests of 6 of them under the old name.

The trainings are regular and in all kinds of places like here on a runway of the airport of Papeete in Tahiti in French Polynesia.

This kind of exercise in real situation in buildings allows to improve intervention operating modes.
Discover other exercises in France and in the world on the link below:

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We can see an armored truck with the old name of Martinique on this picture. These vehicles equip more and more French intervention units:

 - English Version - 
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Moreover, trainings are also done in case of NRBCE attacks (Nuclear, Radiological, Bacteriological, Chemical and Explosive) as here during the AMBRASIE 2015 simulation on the Reunion Island.


Members of an AGIGN which became a DGIGN during the tracking of the fugitive in the Cévennes in May 2021

The DGIGN overseas can also integrate a new device launched by the Gendarmerie Nationale during the tracking of an armed madman: the DIAG

  - English Version -

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These units were part of the new reorganization of gendarmerie intervention units in late 2015:
  The elementary intervention: It concerned the gendarmes of the territorial brigades, first interveners on the places of attacks which will freeze the situation.

The intermediate intervention: It concerned the PSIG SABRE  which intervened to neutralize the attackers and to stabilize the situation by pushing back possible attacks and preventing terrorists, hostage-takers or criminals to escape.
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  The specialized intervention: It involved the GIGN  and the AGIGN. They proceeded to the final assault.

Since 2017, the terms of these interventions are simpler and are now classified in 2 stages: the "Primo arrivals", then the "Reinforcements", easier to manage in the perception of interventions.

Knowing that a mass terrorist attack lasts between 30 and 80 minutes, the need for rapid intervention and appropriate armed response, i.e. weapons of war against weapons of war by trained and qualified personnel will to intervene quickly.
This defense scheme is part of this rise in military intervention forces:
   - English Version -
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Here is a video of an Ultramarine DGIGN demonstration:

and a 2014 report on the GPI of Guyana:

Training of the French Military Special Forces

It is to be noted that military means are added to this device in case of multiple attacks of high intensity in French cities with precise commandos of the Army, the National Navy and the Air Force.

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Training on a boat of gendarmes of a PSMP
To complete the security of the French territory, the ports and maritime zones are also protected by special units of the Gendarmerie: The PSMP "Espadon". They can be part of the newcomers.

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- PSMP -
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and for PLAYMOBIL fans

Création de Freddy BAILLY

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