dimanche 14 août 2022

National GIGN - Intervention Group of the French National Gendarmerie - English Version

GIGN
Intervention Group og The French National Gendarmerie


 - English Version -

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

(Sorry if there are errors in the meaning, word or verb of the expressions).

Updatet: 18/08/2022
 
- Version Française -
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The GIGN for "Groupe d'Intervention de la Gendarmerie Nationale"( in English : Intervention Group of the French National Gendarmerie) is an elite unit of the French Gendarmerie.


Created in March 1974, its role is to intervene in the liberation of hostages, the fight against organised crime, the protection, expertise and training of elite units in other countries as well as in counter-terrorism.
 
Indeed, the terrorist risk is real on the French territory:
For years, this one has taken on different faces:

  - English Version -
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Solutions have been found and these units have adapted to them:


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Official handover of the Command of the GIGN on 02/10/2020 to General Ghislain Réty
 On October 5, 2020, a reorganization of the GIGN was carried out, creating an intervention unit that is unique in Europe in terms of its numbers and missions.
 

Since spring 2021, the GIGN has been divided into a Central GIGN and 14 GIGN Detachments in metropolitan France and overseas. The detachments were previously called AGIGN.

This defense plan is part of the increase in military intervention forces
GIGN team climbing into a helicopter in the 70s
Since its creation in 1974, the GIGN has grown from 18 gendarmes to nearly 400 in 2007 and will reach 1,000 gendarmes by 2021.
 
Discover the reasons of its evolution under this link:


- FRENCH VERSION -
- Coming soon in English version -

 

A Management branch was created in Spring 2021 to ensure daily governance. The missions will be carried out at the top of the spectrum by the Central GIGN with interventions on aircraft and ships, in mass hostage situations, in CBRNE (Chemical, Bacteriological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosive) environments, and in interventions against organised crime.

The GIGN Detachments deal with hostage-taking, entrenched forcenés and reinforcement of units facing immediate terrorist attacks on French territory.
In 2019, the Central GIGN intervened nearly 350 times, while the 13 AGIGNs (former name of the GIGN Detachments) intervened over 450 times.
 
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As well as in the overseas areas:

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Assault in December 1994 of an Air France plane at Marignagne airport
Thanks to his experience, he has had many successes in high-risk interventions such as the liberation of an Air France plane in Marignane in 1994.

It regularly trains in various major risk configurations such as aircraft hijacking, attacks on nuclear sites, hijacking or attacks on ships, chemical or biological attacks as well as hostage taking of French nationals abroad...

Members of the GIGN during the exercise of 22/03/2019
As well as on difficult interventions in contaminated environments, as here in March 2019, in an exercise near Valenciennes.

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The GIGN trains the members of the PSPG, the intervention units of the French National Gendarmerie in charge of the protection of nuclear sites...
 
  - English Version -
- PSPG -
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Members of the GIGN during the tracking of the fugitive in the Cevennes in May 2021

Since 2021, the Central GIGN can support in the provinces a device called DIAG in the tracking of an armed person determined to kill.

  - English Version -

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 Member of the GIGN during a demonstration on July 14, 2021
Since its creation, the GIGN has carried out more than 1,600 operations, arrested more than 1,500 people, freed 625 hostages and subdued more than 260 armed person determined to kill.

- FRENCH VERSION -
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- Coming soon in English version -

  It has the know-how and equipment to be prepared for any eventuality.
The motto of the GIGN is "Committed for life".


It has lost 11 members in operations or training since its creation.
since its creation.

Its men, who are all military, are confronted with the risk of the ultimate sacrifice to help and defend French citizens. The GIGN is considered and recognized as one of the most experienced elite and intervention units in the world like the German GSG9.

 
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Intervening in all kinds of settings such as the city, the countryside, the mountains, the desert, its snipers and intervention
have all kinds of camouflage clothing.



It has been participating with other intervention units of the French National Police for several years in grouped trainings and with the "Force d'intervention de la Police Nationale" (FIPN) since 2015.


- FRENCH VERSION -

Members of the GIGN during the joint exercise between the RAID and the GIGN
in the Stade de France in 2008
After the 2008 Mumbai attacks, which showed multiple coordinated attacks, France will bring together two of its elite units, the GIGN and the RAID and other French Special Units, for joint training operations.


Training of the French Military Special Forces
France will even use military Special Forces to support French Police units and French Gendarmerie units against the risk of street attacks on major French boulevards and to support special units in case of multiple attacks on the territory:

  - English Version -
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He also trains in many places to know the configuration of the places as here in 2014, in the French National Assembly in Paris

This kind of exercise in real situation in buildings allows to improve the operating modes of intervention. 
 
Discover other exercises in France and in the world on the link below:

- FRENCH VERSION -
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Members of the GIGN during a joint training with Flotille 33F in 2021
The GIGN also conducts joint exercises with its military forces, such as this maritime counter-terrorism exercise.

Member of the GIGN during a fire support exercise from a helicopter in 2021
One of the specialties of the GIGN is the fire support from a helicopter which allows to protect its members during an advance


Members of the GIGN during a joint training with Flotille 33F in 2021
or during a helicopter intervention.

As part of the reorganization of intervention units throughout France as for the National Police, the GIGN has Detachments in several cities in France to intervene quickly against anti-commando actions as France has experienced in 2015.
These GIGN Detachments are located in Nantes, Tours, Reims, Orange, Caen, Toulouse and Dijon and were known from 2016 as AGIGN (Antenne du GIGN) then previously as PI2G
(Peloton d'InterRégionaux de Gendarmerie).

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As well as in the overseas areas:

- FRENCH VERSION -
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 It also supports the PSIG Sabre
on interventions of multiple attacks:

  - English Version -
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In Germany, in order to support the SEK and GSG9, German anti-terrorist intervention units in case of multiple terrorist attacks on German territory, this type of first responder unit has also been created:

 
 - English Version - 
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  - English Version -

 
Exfiltration Training of the GIGN FSP members
The GIGN has a special unit in charge of the protection of people in high risk areas: the FPS
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The German Police has also specialized one of its units in the protection of its high personalitieswith PSA BPOL...


The GIGN is part of the ATLAS Program which is a grouping of special police forces
 from 27 European Union countries, whose objective is to improve cooperation between these police units.
The French RAID as well as the German GSG9 are part of this Program.

 - English Version - 
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Simulation of a police intervention in an SNCF train as part of the "Train Marshall's" operation
The GIGN and DGIGNs are now engaged in Operation "TRAIN MARSHALL'S" in July 2018 in case of a terrorist attack on a train.
France was inspired by the AIR MARSHALs, the police officers who travel on American planes.



- FRENCH VERSION -

They are also trained to intervene in case of nuclear, radiological, bacteriological, chemical or Explosive attacks thanks to CBRNE suits:





 

The Central GIGN and the GIGN Detachments are now equipped with
of TOYOTA LC 200 "Fortress Intervention" of the CENTIGON preparer

These vehicles are armored 4X4s designed to withstand all common calibers of weapons of war and explosive devices, as well as "Runflat" tires allowing to drive with a flat tire.
 
 GIGN intervention demonstration on July 14, 2021
These vehicles can carry up to 6 gendarmes and their equipment.


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They will also have at their service in front of a dangerous armed person, 90 "CENTAURE", vehicles of the National Gendarmerie, pre-positioned on the French territory.

 

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Some of their equipment, weapons and outfits have changed and were introduced in June 2018



- FRENCH VERSION -
 
Demonstration videos at Eurosatory in 2018






GIGN intervention demonstration on July 14, 2021
A khaki outfit was also seen during a demonstration of the GIGN on July 14, 2021.
 

Video of this demonstration
 

 
To note that gendarmes of the GIGN use cars that have been confiscated for operations as here, in September 2016, with an AUDI Q7 for the escort of a dangerous detainee.

Temporary situation before the collection of their CENTIGON Fortress.

This type of vehicle allows to transport the equipment of these
equipment that has become heavy for conventional cars.



- FRENCH VERSION -
- Coming soon in English version -


Here is a GIGN intervention vehicle with an assault pod that can enter airplanes or multi-storey buildings from the early 2000s.


The GIGN equipped itself, several years ago, with these Chevrolet Suburbans with assault pods.



The GIGN also has this Renault vehicle:
The SHERPA APC


It was used during the assault against the terrorists of January 13, 2015 who were holed up in a printing shop... A second vehicle arrived in 2016.


Here also the tactical staircase allows to climb into high buildings as well as to enter hijacked planes on a runway.

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Here is a video of this vehicle:


The Sherpa being armored also allows a better approach for the gendarmes





GIGN vehicles during the exercise of 09/10/2018 in LYON
  Here are Advanced Mobile Command Posts of the GIGN in presentation during an attack simulation in LYON on 09/10/2018. You can find this exercise under the link below:

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You can find other vehicles on these links:

 - English Version - 
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Regular trainings are carried out to improve their
their operating procedures


Photos taken during a training session in 2016 in a Parisian train station



  
- FRENCH VERSION -
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or like here during a simulation of an attack of a college in 2016
 executed with the GIGN Detachment of REIMS and the PSPG of MOOS.


- FRENCH VERSION -




  Here are different videos of this elite unit in French language





and two French language reports





 
Training on a boat of gendarmes of a PSMP
To complete the security of the French territory, the ports and maritime zones are also protected by special units of the Gendarmerie: The PSMP "Espadon". They can be part of the newcomers.

  - English Version -
- PSMP -
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Création de Freddy BAILLY
 
 
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