lundi 14 novembre 2022

US National Guard - English Version


US National Guard

 - English Version -

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US Army National Guard Logo

The United States National Guard is a reserve military force and is part of the Army National Guard, a component of the US Army and the US Air Force with the Air National Guard.

Presentation to General LAFAYETTE of the 2nd Battalion of the 11th New York Artillery on July 14, 1825

The US National Guard is the ancestor of the American army. At its origins, it was made up of militias or regiments formed to defend the first British colonies. In 1792, at the time of the independence of the USA, it was transformed into additional forces of the federal army.

Reservists in the streets of DETROIT, Michigan in 1967 following race riots

In 1947, its current status was changed to that of the US Army Reserve. The operation of mobilization is governed by two principles: the mobilization is done under federal control or for the benefit of a federated state.

National Guard reservists in the streets of Pittsburgh in 1968 following riots

The US National Guard is mobilized to respond to emergencies such as natural disasters (hurricanes, fires, floods, earthquakes),

Reservists deployed in Chicago to face anti-war demonstrators in 1968

But also when civil unrest producing large crowds is at risk or could degenerate into riots.

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US National Guard Reservists

US National Guard Reservists are under military status and may be mobilized temporarily or indefinitely in the service of the United States.

US National Guard reservist with a Danish soldier followed by a French soldier in Afghanistan

  They can be sent to external combat zones according to their specialties, as in Iraq during the 2000s, where at certain times they totaled up to 50% of the personnel deployed in that country...

Training of reservists of the 42nd Infantry Division of the ANG

The reservists are all volunteers. They have an initial training of 10 weeks and then train one weekend per month and two weeks per year. The U.S. National Guard has more than 340,000 reservists in the various states.

National Guard reservists during the 1992 Los Angeles riots

The deployment of this reserve is always with heavy weaponry to counter any aggression of the same intensity knowing that the sale of automatic weapons is legal in the USA and that these can also be stolen and used for looting or in riots.

National Guard armored patrol in New Orleans in September 2005

The means used are sophisticated because of the numerous retrofits of the American Army. This allows it to intervene in different theaters of operations.

Patrol of the Oklahoma National Guard in New Orleans on 08/09/2005

It was deployed en masse during the hurricane KATRINA in 2005 to help the population and to ensure the security against the risks of violence and looting.

Oregon National Guard reservists on patrol in the suburbs of New Orleans of New Orleans on September 15, 2005

The response to the hurricane disaster involved 50,000 National Guardsmen from over 50 states. They were auxiliary to the security and rescue forces, delivering humanitarian aid and assisting the injured.


Reservist operator of the Oregon Air National in New Orleans on 04/09/2005

An airlift was created following the floods that blocked the entrance roads to the city of New Orleans.

US National Guard reservists protecting the Ferguson police station in November 2014

It was also deployed in November 2014 in response to riots in the city of FERGUSON, Missouri to protect certain locations.

Reservists deployed on a Los Angeles street in May 2020

By the end of May 2020, the U.S. National Guard was deployed in 23 of 50 states to assist police officers in major cities across its states and had mobilized more than 17,000 reservists, and 33,000 had been placed on alert just in case.

Reservists deployed in Minneapolis, Minnesota, protecting a street during a demonstration in support of George FLOYD in May 2020 

US National Guard Reservists do not have the power to arrest people, a task that remains with the Police. They will be used more to block the path of demonstrators or deal with logistics.

National Guard reservists deploying around the White House in Washington, D.C. in June 2020

One of the only exceptions to mobilization outside of a state governor's mobilization is the District of Columbia, which houses the federal capital, Washington, DC. It is managed by the Columbia Army National Guard under the authority of the President of the United States. The President can also mobilize reservists to repel an invasion or against a rebellion or to enforce federal laws.

Reservists protecting a street during a demonstration in support of George FLOYD in May 2020

In fact, tensions were high when President TRUMP wanted to use the Insurrection Act of 1807 to send the military into cities experiencing violence on his own initiative, even if the governors of the states in question refused. This law was used only on rare occasions, including the 1992 riots in Los Angeles following the acquittal of police officers who had beaten up Rodney King who had been arrested for speeding.

American National Guard deployed around the Capitol on 06/01/2021
On Wednesday, January 06, 2021, the U.S. National Guard was deployed around the Capitol following intrusions by pro-Trump supporters who had managed to get inside...
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Internal memo from the 8 Chiefs of Staff sent on 12/01/21 to US military personnel
In a rare event in American military history, the eight Joint Chiefs of Staff, comprising the chiefs of the US Army, Air Force, Navy, Space Force, US Coast Guard, Marine Corps, National Guard and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who chairs this body that advises the President of the United States, issued an exceptional message on Tuesday, January 12, 2021, to military personnel. The text denounced the unrest on Capitol Hill last week as an attack on the U.S. constitutional process:  
"The violent riot in Washington, D.C., on January 6, 2021, was a direct attack on the U.S. Congress, Capitol Hill and our constitutional process. The rights of free speech and assembly do not authorize anyone to resort to violence, sedition and insurrection."

National Guardsmen deployed at night around the Capitol shortly after the storming of the Capitol
The announcement was made because the Capitol attackers included former military personnel, US National Guard reservists, and U.S. Army reservists. This decided the eight U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff to warn U.S. military reservists, particularly active duty, against participating in acts of violence against institutions.

Two days after the deployment of the National Guard in front of the Capitol
The FBI feared that on January 20, 2021, the day of the inauguration of the new American president Joe Biden, that new violent actions would take place. On Saturday, January 16, 2021, 10,000 US National Guard members were deployed to provide maximum security until the January 20 inauguration...

Anti-confinement protesters against the shutdown following COVID 19
 at the State House in Concord, Massachusetts on 02/05/2020
Indeed, many identitarians, patriots and ultra-right militias, some of which are over-armed, could have caused serious risks in Washington, as well as in some American states.

French Army reservists patrolling the Promenade des Anglais in Nice in 2017

France which also has a French National Guard uses it differently. It is more turned towards patrols and assistance in the face of terrorist risk on its territory.


La Garde Nationale Française
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Exercise of 11/08/2012 at the military camp of Port Bouët in Cote d'Ivoire

  However, it uses its career soldiers in crowd management in specific situations:

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US National Guard Videos


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